Elementi di anatomia fisiologica applicata alle belle arti figurative
Turin, 1837-39. Lithograph. National Library of Medicine
The anatomical studies for real, imaginary and prospective sculptures and paintings became a genre in its own right in the early and middle decades of the 19th century.
Anatomia per uso et intelligenza del disegno ricercata...
Rome, 1691. Copperplate engraving. National Library of Medicine
The association between death and anatomy continued in art anatomy, even as it waned in medical texts. Genga, a Roman anatomist, specialized in studies of classical sculptures. Errard, court painter to Louis XIV, helped found the Académie Royale de Peinture and was first Director of the Académie de France in Rome.
N.p., 1926. Etching. National Library of Medicine
Sloan, a prominent exponent of the "Ashcan School," sought inspiration from everyday scenes and activities of modern life, such as the taking of X rays, rather than landscape, nudes and the other traditional subjects of academic art.